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CUET Exam 2024 Geography Syllabus

Syllabus  ♦   Mock Papers

Complete Syllabus

Geography as a subject explores various physical properties of the Earth’s surface and the pattern of human settlement across it. To score well in CUET and secure a seat in the top-rank universities, thorough preparation is needed. Going through the syllabus and devising a proper strategy is very important for this. The Geography syllabus for CUET is covered by two main topics,

  • Fundamentals of Human Geography.
  • India: People and Economy

Both the topics include 5 units each with their respective sub-units. A detailed syllabus is discussed in the table below:

Fundamentals of Human Geography

1. Human Geography: Nature and Scope
2. People Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change;
Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition;
Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons.
3. Human Activities Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agriculture and allied activities – some examples from selected countries;
Secondary activities – concept; manufacturing: agro-processing, household, small scale, large scale; people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries;
Tertiary activities – concept; trade, transport, and communication; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries;
Quaternary activities – concept; knowledge-based industries; people engaged in quaternary activities – some examples from selected countries.
4. Transport, Communication, and Trade Land transport – roads, railways – rail network; trans-continental railways;
Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes;
Air transport – Intercontinental air routes;
Oil and gas pipelines;
Satellite communication and cyberspace;
International trade – Basis and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, the role of WTO in International trade.
5. Human Settlements Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of megacities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.

India: People and Economy

1. People Population: distribution, density, and growth; composition of the population - linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupational - regional variations in the growth of population;
Migration: international, national – causes and consequences;
Human development – selected indicators and regional patterns;
Population, environment, and development.
2. Human Settlements Rural settlements – types and distribution;
Urban settlements – types, distribution, and functional classification.
3. Resources and Development (Periods 30) Land resources – general land use; agricultural land use – major crops; agricultural development, & problems, common property resources;
Water resources: availability and utilization; irrigation, domestic, industrial, and other uses; 1 case study related with participatory watershed management to be introduced.
Mineral and energy resources – metallic and non-metallic minerals and their distribution; conventional and non-conventional energy sources;
Industries – types and distribution; industrial location and clustering; changing pattern of selected industries – iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge-based industries; the impact of liberalisation, privatisation, and globalisation on industrial location;
Planning in India – target area planning (case study); the idea of sustainable development (case study).
4. Transport, Communication, and International Trade Transport and communication - roads, railways, waterways, and airways; oil and gas pipelines; national electric grids; communication networkings – radio, television, satellite, and internet;
International trade — a changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; seaports and their hinterland and airports.
5. Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal;
Urbanisation-rural-urban migration; the problem of slums;
Land Degradation.